Top 5 Different Types of Writing Formats Across the World

Well, becoming good at writing, whether for work or fun, is not as easy as sitting down and putting words on paper. There are different types of writing formats and styles a writer should consider. Several formats and styles of writing serve different objectives. Therefore, a writer must be aware of the formats of writing.

However, writing allows you to communicate your knowledge as well as your human feelings. Moreover, every writer will pick a writing style and format that reflects their personality and is most comfortable for them.

So, if you are curious about the various types of writing formats, you should go through this blog. This blog covers the most common writing formats for citations. For example, MLA and APA, as well as creative writing. So, let’s get started.

Writing Format

In simple words, a writing format is a certain method of conveying thoughts or presenting ideas in a specific framework. It depends on the format of writing, the writer’s personality, or the stylebook of the company for which the writer works. The format explains a person’s distinct writing habits. Also, the method of selecting a certain style for delivering information content.

But make sure that a format is different from a style when studying the several types of writing formats. Yes, there are 4 types of writing styles. They are;

  • Narrative Writing
  • Descriptive Writing
  • Persuasive Writing
  • Expository Writing

So, let’s discuss these types of writing styles in detail first.

Types of Writing Styles

Narrative Writing

Narrative writing is a storytelling writing style. It is all about expressing a character’s experience. Also, it can be a long story or a short tale, span years or just a few minutes, and be true or false.

Moreover, narrative writing uses several most basic components of storytelling. For example, plot, character, place, conflict, emotion, and a central message. In addition, you can use tale themes or narrative frameworks to help you structure your narrative writing. For example, the hero’s journey, poverty to riches, and coming of age.

This form of writing assures that the reader is taken on a trip with a beginning, middle, and finish.

Descriptive Writing

The purpose of descriptive writing is to build a clear memory in the reader’s imagination of a person or a location. Also, this allows the reader to have a better sense of the entire tale. The objective of this writing is to immerse the reader in the scene. They will feel as if they are a part of the tale.

Moreover, if you want to write in a descriptive style, try to imagine yourself in the scene with words. Also, descriptive writing uses all five senses. They are taste, touch, hearing, smell, and sight. In addition, it can also use metaphor and simile to express emotions or moods that are difficult to describe physically.

The goal of good descriptive writing is to accomplish four objectives. It provides a “felt experience.” It also modifies, improves, and sets the story’s tone.

Persuasive Writing

Persuasive writing clearly explains your message. Its purpose is to convey your message in a meaningful manner. Also, it convinces readers of your point of view or viewpoint. Therefore, use persuasive writing to motivate others to take action or to take a strong stance on an issue.

Of course, only presenting your point of view is insufficient. You will have to persuade your reader to support you. So, there are many types of evidence you can use to persuade readers. They are as follows;

  • Textual Evidence (For instance, passages from books or original sources)
  • Testimonial Evidence (For example, Quotes from a particular subject)
  • Anecdotal Evidence (For instance, Interviews and personal experiences)
  • Statistical Evidence (For example, Studies or concrete data)

Make sure to avoid using emotions in whichever form of evidence you pick. Instead, select the most vital points to persuade the reader.

Expository Writing

This writing describes, explains, or enlightens the reader on a certain subject. Its purpose is to explain a subject or issue. However, the goal of expository writing should be to address the reader’s queries about a topic.

Moreover, consider the usual questions of how, when, why, what, and who. Also, try to avoid using jargon or technical words. Take a beginner’s approach to expository writing. Make your written article as simple as possible to read.

Also, keep in mind that your work should not contain any personal feelings or opinions. There should be no purpose or angle in expository writing. It should simply stick to the facts.

However, now you are aware of the different 4 types of writing styles. So, let’s move towards the different formats of writing.

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Various Types Of Writing Formats

So, now let’s discuss the various formats of writing. There are five primary writing formats. They are as follows;


The American Psychological Association (APA) formed the APA style in 1929. It provides three types of information to include in the text body of the composition. They are;

  • The author’s last name
  • The date of publication
  • If required, the page where the information was located.

All these things are placed within parentheses after the information sourced from it.

Moreover, if you have used any quote from the text, it must be given in a citation.


This is another one of the important types of writing formats. However, this writing is generally used for discussing language or literature. But, it is also useful outside of the humanities subjects. Moreover, this writing format also includes parenthetical citations. But, they are usually brief. 

In some cases, MLA allows a writer to just reference the author’s last name. But, a work cited page for the primary source would be necessary. The citations contain the page where the material is available.


In 1906, the Chicago University Press first published this format. Its purpose is to adopt punctuation and grammatical standards that are often used in American English. Moreover, you can use either notes and bibliography or author and date citations. 

However, a footnote that matches the actual reference would be used in the first style. In the second style, an in-text reference is needed, similar to previous formats.

Otherwise, the number of sources in the bibliographical list appears next to the text. For example, it is similar to how Wikipedia pages use citations. But, without a link to the bottom of the page.


This style was created by Kate L. Turabian for students. Especially for students who are preparing research papers, dissertations, and theses. Because they are almost identical. It is usually included in the Chicago format.

Moreover, Turabian has made a little change to the format. So, notes can be used in the place of parenthetical references. Because parenthetical reference disturbs the flow of the text.

In addition, this style also allows for an author-date citation. This approach concentrates on the bibliographical forms themselves. Everything is covered, from Twitter tweets to blog entries to book chapters.


The Chicago style is also used as the basis for these types of writing formats. The in-text citations are also identical to the Chicago style.

The only difference is that the bibliography’s citation references are structured. It allows the use of several abbreviations that are not allowed in other formats. 

However, in this format, you can use “National” as “Nat”, “Annuals” as “Annu”, “Proceedings” as “proc” etc. IEEE also allows authors to use 1st, 2nd, 3rd, etc, instead of writing out the term [i.e. “first”].

Final Words

However, we have discussed the various types of writing formats. Also, we have gone through various styles of writing. Therefore, understanding the various writing styles and formats will help you immediately identify the purpose of an article. The information will help you become a better writer and reader. In the end, I hope this blog will be helpful for you.

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